PROFESSIONAL BURNOUT AMONG DOCTORS IN REHMAN MEDICAL INSTITUTE, PESHAWAR, KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA
Keywords:Burnout, professional, professional practice, Depersonalization
Introduction: Burnout is a monster which ultimately saps an individual’s productivity and reduces one’s energy, leaving an individual feeling increasingly helpless, hopeless, and resentful. Burnout is a gradual process that takes years to build up. This study was done to determine the extent and types of professional burnout among the medical professionals of a tertiary care private hospital of Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
Materials & Methods: It was a cross-sectional study, conducted in Rehman Medical Institute (RMI) Peshawar, from March to June 2015. All the doctors working in Rehman Medical Hospital were included; the sample size was 150 and universal sampling technique was used. The questionnaires had four parts related to Socio-demographic data, Professional data, Free time activities, and the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). For analysis of data related to MBI, we added up each component (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment). The reference values of the Center of Advanced Studies on Burnout Syndrome (NEPASB) were used for comparing obtained values.
Results: The response rate out of 150 questionnaires was 62% (n=93 participants); among them 57(61%) were male and 36(39%) were female; it was found that 33% of doctors had severe professional burnout, 36% moderate burnout and 31% mild professional burnout. Regarding Emotional Exhaustion (EE), 48.4%, 26% and 26% have severe EE, moderate EE and mild EE respectively. Also 32.3%, 39.8% and 28% doctors have severe, moderate and mild depersonalization respectively. As far as personal accomplishment is concerned; 20.4% have mild, 41% moderate, and 39% have high personal accomplishment.
Conclusions: Majority of doctors had moderate level professional burnout, and males were having more professional burnout than females.